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`exit /b #`: set `errorlevel` to `#`, then exit batch file or subroutine – via: Errorlevel – Windows CMD –

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/11/25

I seem to always forget how to set an error leve in side a batch file, but [WayBack] Errorlevel – Windows CMD – tells how:

  • When ending a [WayBacksubroutine, you can use EXIT /b N to set a specific ERRORLEVEL N.
  • You can make a [WayBackbatch file return a non-zero exit code by using the [WayBackEXIT command.

    Exit 0
    Exit /B 5

    To force an ERRORLEVEL of 1 to be set without exiting, run a small but invalid command like [WayBack]COLOR 00 

    There is a key difference between the way .CMD and .BAT batch files set errorlevels:

    An old .BAT batch script running the ‘new’ internal commands: APPEND, ASSOC, PATH, PROMPT, FTYPE and SET will only set ERRORLEVEL if an error occurs. So if you have two commands in the batch script and the first fails, the ERRORLEVEL will remain set even after the second command succeeds.

    This can make debugging a problem BAT script more difficult, a CMD batch script is more consistent and will set ERRORLEVEL after every command that you run [[]source].

It looks like I already used a bare EXIT /B without explaining it in Source: stop/start IIS.

Further reading, including the difference between subroutines, blocks and batch files:

Finally saving Google Groups messages in the way back machine:

  1. Convert the URL
  2. Save the latter in


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