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Jeroen W. Pluimers on .NET, C#, Delphi, databases, and personal interests

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Archive for the ‘Linux’ Category

I love installers that can download and install in parallel threads….

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/02/04

[WayBack] I love installers that can download and install in parallel threads. Embarcadero and Zypper can learn from this. – Jeroen Wiert Pluimers – Google+

Most Linux distributions have package managers that can do this (apt and yum can), but OpenSuSE zypper (actually ZYpp) cannot even download packages in parallel:

Embarcadero is in the same state as zypper.

–jeroen

Posted in *nix, Development, openSuSE, Power User, Software Development, SuSE Linux, Tumbleweed | Leave a Comment »

TL;DR: Raspberry Pi models 1..3 become hotter and hotter under load; no housing gives best cooling.

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/02/04

[WayBack] TIL Raspi Kühlkörper bringen nix. Lego schon.  – Kristian Köhntopp – Google+

Background information: [Archive.is] Mein Raspberry Pi 3 und sein Problem mit der Systemtemperatur · Un*xe

–jeroen

 

Posted in *nix, Debian, Development, Hardware, Hardware Development, Linux, Power User, Raspberry Pi, Raspbian | Leave a Comment »

OpenSuSE: location of cron jobs

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/01/20

When you look at how to find listed cron jobs, usually the answer is cron -l or cron -u username -l.

However, on OpenSuSE systems, cron jobs can be in different places, and the sysconfig settings have influence on them too.

These files and directories all influence cron:

Directories:

/etc/cron.d/
/etc/cron.daily/
/etc/cron.hourly/
/etc/cron.monthly/
/etc/cron.weekly/

Files:

/etc/sysconfig/cron
/etc/init.d/rc2.d/K01cron
/etc/init.d/rc2.d/S14cron
/etc/init.d/rc3.d/K01cron
/etc/init.d/rc3.d/S14cron
/etc/init.d/rc5.d/K01cron
/etc/init.d/rc5.d/S14cron
/etc/init.d/cron
/etc/news/crontab.sample
/etc/pam.d/crond
/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/cron.service
/etc/omc/srvinfo.d/cron.xml
/etc/cron.deny
/etc/crontab

Most are available for other Linux distributions as well, but each one might have slightly different configurations (especially for the directories). Some background reading:

Some details:

  • The crontab -l will only list what is in /etc/crontab.
  • These directories are influenced by/etc/sysconfig/cron, especially the DAILY_TIME variable (see below) for the daily jobs.
    All of the directories are checked every 15 minutes through /usr/lib/cron/run-crons:/etc/cron.daily/
    /etc/cron.hourly/
    /etc/cron.monthly/
    /etc/cron.weekly/
  • That script then uses these files for checking when to run:/var/spool/cron/lastrun/cron.weekly
    /var/spool/cron/lastrun/cron.daily
    /var/spool/cron/lastrun/cron.hourly

The DAILY_TIME variable:

## Type: string
## Default: ""
#
# At which time cron.daily should start. Default is 15 minutes after booting
# the system. Example setting would be "14:00".
# Due to the fact that cron script runs only every 15 minutes,
# it will only run on xx:00, xx:15, xx:30, xx:45, not at the accurate time
# you set.
DAILY_TIME=""

–jeroen

 

Posted in *nix, *nix-tools, cron, Linux, openSuSE, Power User, SuSE Linux, Tumbleweed | Leave a Comment »

a perf cheat sheet from @brendangregg’s fantastic web page;  you can print it as PDF

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/01/13

From a while back: [WayBack⚡Julia Evans⚡ on Twitter : made a perf cheat sheet from @brendangregg’s fantastic https://t.co/SBDtzn0G8J. you can print it at https://t.co/xC6ndjrSDL https://t.co/TstbBBe3DS

References:

The latter has a lot of examples and even more explanation all around the below picture.

–jeroen

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in *nix, *nix-tools, Development, Linux, Power User, Profiling-Performance-Measurement | Leave a Comment »

Magic SysRq key – Wikipedia

Posted by jpluimers on 2019/12/20

Cool: Magic SysRq key – Wikipedia

The magic SysRq key is a key combination understood by the Linux kernel, which allows the user to perform various low-level commands regardless of the system’s state. It is often used to recover from freezes, or to reboot a computer without corrupting the filesystem.[1] Its effect is similar to the computer’s hardware reset button (or power switch) but with many more options and much more control.

Sometimes reading fluffy fluff posts teaches you new things, so be sure to read this one:

[WayBack] I just got trolled by my cat, hard. Last night i left my linux laptop open and running while watching TV in the other room. I came back to find Marley … – Stephen Shirley – Google+

I started looking through the kernel logs from last night, to see if there was any indication of the issue starting. And then i saw it. One innocent line that said:

Dec 18 21:26:52 x240 kernel: [373001.156356] sysrq: SysRq : Emergency Remount R/O

The fluffy dumbass had somehow hit the Sysrq [0] key combo to mount all filesystems read-only. This is an old, low-level when-all-else-fails facility for dealing with an linux unresponsive system, and fluff-for-brains Marley had somehow hit alt+fn+s+u.

Sigh.

[0] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_SysRq_key

Via: [Archive.is] I just got trolled by my cat, hard. Last night i left my linux laptop open and running while watching TV in the other room. I came back to find Marley … – Kristian Köhntopp – Google+

–jeroen

Posted in *nix, *nix-tools, Keyboards and Keyboard Shortcuts, Linux, Power User | Leave a Comment »

 
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