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Archive for the ‘Virtualization’ Category

When using a e1000 virtual network adapter under VMware, use the “Intel PRO/1000 MT Server (82545EM)” under Virtual Box

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/04/17

Every now and then I need to run existing VMware based disk under a different virtualisation environment.

In my case, the target was VirtualBox, and the source used a e1000 virtual network adapter.

You find the required settings to migrate to VirtualBox by running this inside the directory of your VMware virtual machine:

grep ethernet *vmx

It gives output like this:

ethernet0.present = "TRUE"
ethernet0.virtualDev = "e1000"
ethernet0.networkName = "VM Network on LAN"
ethernet0.addressType = "generated"
ethernet0.generatedAddress = "00:0c:29:cc:cc:cc"
ethernet0.pciSlotNumber = "32"
ethernet0.generatedAddressOffset = "0"

This is in fact an “Intel 82545EM Gigabit Ethernet NIC” adapter, which VirtualBox calls “Intel PRO/1000 MT Server (82545EM)”.

Another compatible pair is the VMware vlance or “AMD 79C970 PCnet32- LANCE NIC” which VirtualBox calls “AMD PCNet PCI II (Am79C970A)”

First note:

Often the virtual operating system still recognises it as a different adapter. Sometimes you can prevent this by also copying the MAC address (as VirtualBox by default uses a MAC address like 080027CCCCCC.

If it is still wrong, then read [WayBack] PredictableNetworkInterfaceNames: the various ways of assigning network interface names in virtualisation environments tend to mismatch. To fix this, I had to rename /etc/sysconfig/ifcfg-ens32 to the nee interface name I found via if -a.

Second note:

VMware supports two special virtual networks that are accessible from the host: vmnet1 (host-only) and vmnet8(NAT) : both are accessible from the host as VMware installs special network adapters:

  • vmnet1 is the host-only network where the host can talk to the VMs and vice versa, but the hosts cannot talk to the outside world
  • vmnet8 is the NAT network where the host can talk to the VMs and vice versa, but the hosts can talk to the outside world

Some background info at:

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Posted in Power User, VirtualBox, Virtualization, VMware | Leave a Comment »

Some links that should me help shrinking the virtual disk files of Windows VMs

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/04/03

With virtual disks, at least these three levels are involved:

  • partition or volume (often called drive) size
  • virtual disk size
  • virtual disk backing store size

When talking about shrinking disks, they usually explain about below steps, assuming there is a 1:1:1 mapping of the above and backing store of the disk is dynamically growing:

  1. defragment the files on a partition/volume
  2. zero-fill the non-used space
  3. shrink the virtual disk assuming it is a dynamically growing one

For various reasons, virtualisation environments can have pre-allocated virtual disks ensuring the space on the backing store is firmly reserved.

One such occasion can be in VMware (often required for instance with vSphere/ESXi/ESX based infrastructure, but can also be used in Workstation/Fusion/Player) or Virtual Box in fixed disk mode (default there is dynamic).

Here are some links that should me help shrink in those situations:

More on conversion:

–jeroen

PS: a useful tip by Joe C. Hecht on shrinking:

Oh… On shrinking VM Disks, I make a new growable disk, then use a utility to “smart copy” the partions to the new disk (then replace the disk files in the VM). The “smart copy” just copies the file system – IE what is used (I use an old copy of Paragon Hard Drive Manager). It works out a lot better than writing “zeros”. I then make a compressed image of the whole VM using  rar5 compression with a 1GB dictionary size. I then have batch files that can unrar the VM’s on a moments notice (from a collection of over 300).

Posted in Fusion, Power User, VirtualBox, Virtualization, VMware, VMware ESXi, VMware Workstation | Leave a Comment »

ESXi: Failed to reconfigure virtual machine… There are insufficient licenses to complete this operation.

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/02/21

Failed to reconfigure virtual machine W81Entx64-vs2017. There are insufficient licenses to complete this operation.

Searching for “There are insufficient licenses to complete this operation.” memory did not reveal much, so at first I thought I had a memory issue.

A quick look at esxtop in memory (m) mode indicated that was totally fine:

BTW: esxtop is a fantascit tool, with truckloads of information, so you should definitely read these:

Then something occurred to me:

The cause was that I tried to update the memory of an ESXi Windows VM which I thought I had shut-down from within Windows, but actually bumped an error message during the shutdown.

Shutting down properly (shutdown -s -t 0 in Windows), then increasing the memory worked fine:

Virtual machine W81Ent64-vs2017 was successfully reconfigured.

ESXi cannot increase the memory of a live system, hence the license error as per [WayBack] VMware Hot-Add: How and When to Use it:

One of the most common questions I receive on the daily management of virtual machines is if you should turn on hot-add features and why doesn’t VMware turn them on by default. The answer is very clear.

What are the requirements for Hot-add/Hot-plug:

  • Your virtual machines need to run at minimum hardware version 7.
  • Hot-add/Hot-Plug is not compatible with Fault Tolerance
  • vSphere Advanced, Enterprise or Enterprise plus.
  • Only hot-add is possible. You cannot “hot-remove” RAM or vCPUs.
  • Hot-Add/Hot-plug must be supported by the VM operating system!
  • Guest-OS licensing limitations need to be monitored and taken into consideration. You are changing the number of vCPUs/RAM!

–jeroen

Posted in ESXi6.5, Power User, Virtualization, VMware, VMware ESXi | Leave a Comment »

Always use SCSI for your VM guest disks – Jeroen Wiert Pluimers – Google+

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/01/20

Rephrased from [WayBackJeroen Wiert Pluimers – Google+:

If you install a virtual machine, ensure the disk controller and disks are SCSI based.

This has many advantages, including:

  • speed (usually the SCSI drivers can be paravirtualised)
  • hot addition of new disks

It holds for virtually any virtualization platform including all non-ancient (less than ~10 year old) versions of:

  • VMware (Workstation, Viewer, but I expect this also to work on vSphere, ESXI, Fusion)
  • Hyper-V
  • KVM (and therefore Proxmox)
  • VirtualBox

Based on my notes in the above link and the links below:

Note this isn’t just for Linux guests/hosts: Most guests (including Windows) can do a SCSI bus re-scan and detect new SCSI devices.

The trick here is that the guest must already have a virtual SCSI controller (adding that will require a reboot of the guest).

Then adding a new SCSI disk on that controller from any host (Windows, Mac, ESXi, vSphere) should work fine.

–jeroen

Posted in ESXi4, ESXi5, ESXi5.1, ESXi5.5, ESXi6, ESXi6.5, Fusion, Hyper-V, KVM, Power User, Proxmox, View, VirtualBox, Virtualization, VMware, VMware ESXi, VMware Workstation | Leave a Comment »

VMware Converter downloads

Posted by jpluimers on 2019/08/02

Since the VMware site is a maze, so below are some download and information links.

[WayBack] Upgraded to 6.1.1. build-3533064 – cannot restore from Acronis TrueImage TIB files… |VMware Communities -> you need 6.0 or earlier for that:

Support notice

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 6.0 is the last release of the product to support third-party backup images and virtual machines as sources for conversion. This capability will be discontinued in the next release. If you use this capability, you should start planning your transition.

Interoperability

Third-party backup images and virtual machines – to be discontinued. See Support notice.

  • Acronis True Image Echo 9.1 and 9.5, and Acronis True Image Home 10 and 11 (.tib)
  • Symantec Backup Exec System Recovery (formerly LiveState Recovery) 6.5, 7.0, 8.0, and 8.5, and LiveState Recovery 3.0 and 6.0 (.sv2i format only)
  • Norton Ghost version 10.0, 12.0, and 14.0 (.sv2i format only)
  • Parallels Desktop 2.5, 3.0, and 4.0 (.pvs and .hdd). Compressed disks are not supported
  • Parallels Workstation 2.x (.pvs). Compressed disks are not supported. Parallels Virtuozzo Containers are not supported.
  • StorageCraft ShadowProtect Desktop, ShadowProtect Server, ShadowProtect Small Business Server (SBS), ShadowProtect IT Edition, versions 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.1, and 3.2 (.spf)
  • The Microsoft VHD format for the following sources:
    • Microsoft Virtual PC 2004 and Microsoft Virtual PC 2007 (.vmc)
    • Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 and 2005 R2 (.vmc)

For conditions and limitations about converting Backup Exec System Recovery, ShadowProtect, and Consolidated Backup images, see the VMware vCenter Converter Standalone User’s Guide.

–jeroen

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Posted in Power User, Virtualization, VMware | Leave a Comment »

 
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