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Archive for the ‘PowerShell’ Category

Chocolatey: forcing a certain package version and pinning it at that version

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/09/23

For my future self.

Due to an issue with choco-cleaner versions [WayBack] 0.0.6 and [WayBack] 0.0.7, I needed to ensure it was installed as version [WayBack] 0.0.5.2 and keep it that version.

Not sure if this is the canonical way, but this worked:

choco uninstall --yes choco-cleaner
choco install --yes choco-cleaner --version 0.0.5.2
choco pin add --name=choco-cleaner --version 0.0.5.2
choco pin list

This worked to revert:

choco pin remove --name=choco-cleaner
choco pin list
choco upgrade --yes choco-cleaner

Aftere this upgrade, choco-cleaner version 0.0.7.1 shows a nice error message when the environment variable %ChocolateyToolsLocation% fails to exist.

In that case calling RefreshEnv.cmd will create that environment variable.

Related:

–jeroen

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Posted in .NET, Chocolatey, CommandLine, Development, Power User, PowerShell, PowerShell, Scripting, Software Development, Windows | Leave a Comment »

Select-Object versus Write-Output: “The input object cannot be bound to any parameters for the command either because the command does not take pipeline input or the input and its properties do not match any o f the parameters that take pipeline input.”

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/09/23

I bumped in the error [WayBack] “The input object cannot be bound to any parameters for the command either because the command does not take pipeline input or the input and its properties do not match any of the parameters that take pipeline input.” when using [WayBack] Write-Output where [WayBack] Select-Object worked just fine.

This happened when playing around with detecting empty Chocolatey .nupkg package files.

$LibPath = Join-Path $env:ChocolateyInstall 'lib'
$NupkgFilter = '*.nupkg'

Get-ChildItem -Path $LibPath -Recurse -Filter $NupkgFilter | 
    Where-Object {($_.Length -eq 0) -and ($_.BaseName -eq "hg")} | 
        Sort-Object LastWriteTime | 
            Select-Object BaseName

<#
Get-ChildItem -Path $LibPath -Recurse -Filter $NupkgFilter | 
    Where-Object {($_.Length -eq 0) -and ($_.BaseName -eq "hg")} | 
        Sort-Object LastWriteTime | 
            Write-Output BaseName
## Write-Output : The input object cannot be bound to any parameters for the command either because the command does not take pipeline input or the input and its properties do not match any of the parameters that take pipeline input.
#>

Get-ChildItem -Path $LibPath -Recurse -Filter $NupkgFilter | 
    Where-Object {($_.Length -eq 0) -and ($_.BaseName -eq "hg")} | 
        Sort-Object LastWriteTime | 
            ForEach-Object { Write-Output $_.BaseName }

The output is also slightly different, hinting on the root cause:

BaseName
--------
hg      
hg

The above shows that Select-Object selects a list of BaseName properties (italic part), whereas Write-Output shows a single BaseName property content (bold part).

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Posted in .NET, CommandLine, Development, PowerShell, PowerShell, Scripting, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

Code Layout and Formatting: Indentation · PowerShell Practice and Style

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/09/22

Since I switch a lot between languages, I tend to forget what indentation, spacing and termination to use.

So from the Indentation/Length/Spacing/Termination sections in [WayBack] Code Layout and Formatting · PowerShell Practice and Style:

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Posted in .NET, CommandLine, Development, PowerShell, PowerShell, Scripting, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

PowerShell: recovering from corrupt empty *.nupkg files after a disk was accidentally full during update

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/09/09

When you do a choco upgrade all --yes on a system that – during upgrade – becomes low on disk space, you can end up with a lot of empty .nupkg files.

For those package, Chocolatey will not recognise they are installed any more.

The fix is this:

  1. increase disk space so at least 5 gigabytes is free
  2. split the choco upgrade process so it checks before each upgrade that this diskspace is indeed free
  3. list all choco .nupkg files of length zero ordered from oldest to newest
  4. for each package, delete the .nupkg file if it exists, then force install it with the --force parameter before the --yes parameter like in

    choco install --force --yes chocolatey

  5. when all packages have been done, then choco upgrade --all --yes

I wrote a few PowerShell scripts assisting me in cleaning up the mess.

choco-list-installed.bat

:: https://superuser.com/questions/890251/how-to-list-chocolatey-packages-already-installed-and-newer-version-available-fr
choco list --localonly %*

choco-show-installed-package-names.bat

:: `--limit-output`  does not show Chocolatey version header and count footer.
:: `--id-oonly`      omits the version number, so you only get the package name
choco list --local-only --limit-output --id-only

choco-show-installed-package-names-and-versions.bat

:: `--limit-output`  does not show Chocolatey version header and count footer.
choco list --local-only --limit-output %*

choco-reinstall-empty-nupkg-by-names.ps1

  • [WayBack] Powershell – Finding 0-byte Files | Another computer blog
  • [WayBack] windows – Where is the Chocolatey installation path? – Stack Overflow:

    There is an environment variable set on installation, ChocolateyInstall, which is set to C:\Chocolatey by default in versions of Chocolatey less than 0.9.8.27. After that, this defaults to C:\ProgramData\Chocolatey.

    NOTE: By default, the C:\ProgramData folder on Windows is hidden. You will either need to enable hidden files and folders through Folder Options | View or you can navigate directly to the path shown above by copy/pasting directly into the Windows Explorer address bar.

    In version 0.9.9 of Chocolatey, it actively moves from the old folder location to the new one.

  • [WayBack] string – Powershell concatenate an Environment variable with path – Stack Overflow

    A convenient way to obtain the string value rather than the dictionary entry (which is technically what Get-ChildItem is accessing) is to just use the variable syntax: $Env:USERPROFILE rather than Get-ChildItem Env:USERPROFILE.

    $localpath = "$env:USERPROFILE\some\path"

    Also, the Join-Path cmdlet is a good way to combine two parts of a path.

    $localpath = Join-Path $env:USERPROFILE 'some\path'
<#
https://learningpcs.blogspot.com/2009/12/powershell-finding-0-byte-files.html

Zero length .nupkg files sorted by oldest first.

These are packages that choco will not show and likekly need a forced reinstall.

Choco does remember the version that was installed (so not all the choco config is hosed).

- https://stackoverflow.com/questions/28235388/where-is-the-chocolatey-installation-path/28239451#28239451
- https://stackoverflow.com/questions/41047123/powershell-concatenate-an-environment-variable-with-path/41047343#41047343

/#>
$LibPath = Join-Path $env:ChocolateyInstall 'lib'
$NuPkgExtension = 'nupkg'
$NupkgFilter = "*.$NuPkgExtension"

## Remove the empty .nupkg files for each argument
$args | ForEach-Object {
    $PackageName = $_ 
    Write-Output "Deleting any empty $PackageName.$NuPkgExtension under $LibPath :"

    Get-ChildItem -Path $LibPath -Recurse -Filter $NupkgFilter | Where-Object {
        ($_.Length -eq 0) -and ($_.BaseName -eq $PackageName)
    } | Sort-Object LastWriteTime | ForEach-Object { 
        $PackageFullName = $_.FullName
        Write-Output "Deleting $PackageFullName"
        Remove-Item $PackageFullName
    }
}

## Force install the chocolatey package for each argument
$args | ForEach-Object {
    $PackageName = $_ 
    Write-Output "Installing $PackageName with Chocolatey:"
    choco install --force --yes $PackageName
}

Link lists

Some more links that helped me solve this:

Some links on errors I encountered while recovering from this:

  • Checksum errors like[WayBack] (sysinternals) checksum error · Issue #756 · chocolatey-community/chocolatey-coreteampackages · GitHub are often caused by the chocolatey package downloading the most recent installer despite the package version. Two solutions:
    1. Pass --ignorechecksum to choco --install (see [WayBack] CommandsInstall · chocolatey/choco Wiki · GitHub)
    2. First uninstall using the --force parameter
      [Archive.is] Chocolatey Software | Sysinternals 2019.6.29

      Sysinternals Suite is going to be installed in ‘C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\lib\sysinternals\tools’
      File appears to be downloaded already. Verifying with package checksum to determine if it needs to be redownloaded.
      Error – hashes do not match. Actual value was ‘A510C31C2CC591A16F342E7CBA5DC8409EAF08C9B56729CF132C95C69E196787’.
      Downloading sysinternals
      from ‘https://download.sysinternals.com/files/SysinternalsSuite.zip&#8217;
      Progress: 100% – Completed download of C:\Users\devCrPhoneDebug\AppData\Local\Temp\2\chocolatey\sysinternals\2018.12.27\SysinternalsSuite.zip (23.51 MB).
      Download of SysinternalsSuite.zip (23.51 MB) completed.
      Error – hashes do not match. Actual value was ‘A510C31C2CC591A16F342E7CBA5DC8409EAF08C9B56729CF132C95C69E196787’.
      ERROR: Checksum for ‘C:\Users\devCrPhoneDebug\AppData\Local\Temp\2\chocolatey\sysinternals\2018.12.27\SysinternalsSuite.zip’ did not meet ‘b14466c6bf3be216ea71610a3f455030e791cd5ad1b42a283886194205d176b0’ for checksum type ‘sha256’. Consider passing the actual checksums through with –checksum –checksum64 once you validate the checksums are appropriate. A less secure option is to pass –ignore-checksums if necessary.
      The install of sysinternals was NOT successful.
      Error while running ‘C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\lib\sysinternals\tools\chocolateyInstall.ps1’.
      See log for details.

      Chocolatey installed 0/1 packages. 1 packages failed.
      See the log for details (C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\logs\chocolatey.log).

  • Packages that cannot be found at all:[WayBack] “imagemagick not installed. The package was not found with the source(s) listed” – Google Search
    • This means that Chocolatey cannot find a dependency, but will not tell you which one. It also happens during package testing:[WayBack] imagemagick v7.0.9.7 – Failed – Package Tests Results · GitHub
      • Solve this by fixing all other empty .nupkg files first, which will give you an idea on the potential missing dependencies. Retry by forcing reinstall each dependency.
  • Dependencies that cannot be found, which can be caused by more empty .nupkg files. Example: [WayBack] Unable to resolve dependency · Issue #206 · chocolatey/choco · GitHub
    • Solve this by each time a dependency is not found, include on the choco-reinstall-empty-nupkg-by-names.ps1command, then retry.

–jeroen

Posted in Chocolatey, COBOL, Development, Power User, PowerShell, PowerShell, Scripting, Software Development, Windows, Windows 10 | Leave a Comment »

PowerShell OS Support Matrix – mohitgoyal.co

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/09/08

By now, probably newer versions have come out, but this should give a rough indication of the 2019 state of [WayBack] PowerShell OS Support Matrix – mohitgoyal.co:

For 5.1 and lower, you can find the prerequisites in [WayBack] Windows PowerShell System Requirements – PowerShell | Microsoft Docs.

–jeroen

Posted in .NET, CommandLine, Development, PowerShell, PowerShell, Scripting, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

 
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