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ODAC: calling SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_NLS failing with ORA-06550/PLS-00103

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/06/16

Do not call SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_NLS with an instance of the [Archive.is] TOraStoredProc Class, as under the hood, it will translate the call to this:

Class:Ora.TOraStoredProc;Component:sprSetNls;Flag:tfQPrepare,Text:Prepare: begin
  SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_NLS(:PARAM, :VALUE);
end;
:PARAM(VARCHAR[22],IN)='NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS' 
:VALUE(VARCHAR[4],IN)=''.,''

The above is a translation of the bold portions in this call (note it contains the an instantiation of an [Archive.is] TOraSession Class as you need one; examples further down assume this session instance to exist):

var
  MainOraSession: TOraSession;
  DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc: TOraStoredProc;
begin
  MainOraSession := TOraSession.Create(Self);
  try
    MainOraSession.Name := 'MainOraSession';
    MainOraSession.Username := 'FOO';
    MainOraSession.Server := 'BAR';
    MainOraSession.LoginPrompt := False;
    MainOraSession.Options.UseOCI7 := True;
    MainOraSession.Open();
    DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc := TOraStoredProc.Create(Self);
    try
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.Name := 'DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc';
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.StoredProcName := 'SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_NLS';
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.Session := MainOraSession;
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.Debug := True;
      with DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.ParamData.Add do 
      begin
        DataType := ftString;
        Name := 'PARAM';
        ParamType := ptInput;
        Value := nil;
      end;
      with DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.ParamData.Add do
      begin
        DataType := ftString;
        Name := 'VALUE';
        ParamType := ptInput;
        Value := nil;
      end;
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.ParamByName('PARAM').AsString := sParam;
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.ParamByName('VALUE').AsString := sValue;
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.Prepare();
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.ExecProc();
    finally
      DbmsSessionSetNlsOraStoredProc.Free();
    end;
  finally
    MainOraSession();
  end;
end;

It will result in an Oracle error during the Prepare of the statement:

ORA-06550: line 2, column 36:
PLS-00103: Encountered the symbol ":" when expecting one of the following:

   ( - + case mod new not null 
   
   continue avg count current exists max min prior sql stddev
   sum variance execute forall merge time timestamp interval
   date  pipe
   

In stead, take your TOraPackage object and make a call like this:

var
  DbmsSessionOraPackage: TOraPackage;
begin
  DbmsSessionOraPackage := TOraPackage.Create(Self);
  try
    DbmsSessionOraPackage.Name := 'DbmsSessionOraPackage';
    DbmsSessionOraPackage.Debug := True;
    DbmsSessionOraPackage.Session := dbSession;
    DbmsSessionOraPackage.PackageName := 'SYS.DBMS_SESSION';

    DbmsSessionOraPackage.ExecProcEx('SET_NLS', ['PARAM', 'NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS', 'VALUE', '''.,''']);
  finally
    DbmsSessionOraPackage.Free();
  end;
end;

This then results in this in the SQL monitoring (note quoting quotes is different in SQL than Delphi):

Class:Ora.TOraSQL;Component:;Flag:tfQExecute,Text:begin
  SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_NLS(:PARAM, :VALUE);
end;
:PARAM(VARCHAR[22],IN)='NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS' 
:VALUE(VARCHAR[4],IN)=''.,''

instead of this:

Class:Ora.TOraStoredProc;Component:sprSetNls;Flag:tfQPrepare,Text:Prepare: begin
  SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_NLS(:PARAM, :VALUE);
end;
:PARAM(VARCHAR[22],IN)='NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS' 
:VALUE(VARCHAR[4],IN)=''.,''

I am still a sort of baffled why this is a problem. But using the TOraPackage works.

One thing to remember is that an TOraSession instance does not allow you to get to the underlying TOCIConnection instance, which does allow setting NLS information directly; see for instance the old code at [WayBack] OraClasses.pas in xinhaining-dianjianyiqi-tongxunchengxu | source code search engine.

This is because the underlying connection can be both OCI and Direct depending on the TOraSession.Options.Direct value: [WayBack] About Connection.Ping method when Direct Mode – Devart Forums.

Other calls on SYS.DBMS_SESSION succeed

The odd thing is that single-parameter calls on SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_ROLE (which can be tricky, see [WayBack] Introducing Database Security for Application Developers) work fine, so no alternative (like a plain [WayBack] SET ROLE) is needed:

var
  DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc: TOraStoredProc;
begin
  DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc := TOraStoredProc.Create(Self);
  try
    DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc.Name := 'DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc';
    DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc.StoredProcName := 'SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_ROLE';
    DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc.Session := dbSession;
    with DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc.ParamData.Add do begin 
      DataType := ftString;
      Name := 'ROLE_CMD';
      ParamType := ptInput;
      Value := 'EXAMPLE';
    end;
    DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc.ParamByName('ROLE_CMD').AsString := 'EXAMPLEROLE';
    DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc.Prepare;
    DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc.ExecProc;
  finally
    DbmsSessionSetRoleOraStoredProc.Free();
  end;
end;

results in this log:

Class:Ora.TOraStoredProc;Component:StrdPSetRole;Flag:tfQExecute,Text:begin
  SYS.DBMS_SESSION.SET_ROLE(:ROLE_CMD);
end;
:ROLE_CMD(VARCHAR[10],IN)='EXAMPLEROLE'

Similar for SYS.DBMS_APPLICATION_INFO

Calling anything on DBMS_APPLICATION_INFO gives you an exception.

On the .NET side of DevArt, you can use

–jeroen

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