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Jeroen W. Pluimers on .NET, C#, Delphi, databases, and personal interests

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Archive for the ‘Amazon.com/.de/.fr/.uk/…’ Category

On my list of things to try: Amazon SES for outbound/inbound email handling

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/08/10

SES mail servers at the time of writing

*n*x:

# nslookup -type=TXT amazonses.com | grep "v=spf1"
amazonses.com   text = "v=spf1 ip4:199.255.192.0/22 ip4:199.127.232.0/22 ip4:54.240.0.0/18 ip4:69.169.224.0/20 ip4:76.223.180.0/23 ip4:76.223.188.0/24 ip4:76.223.189.0/24 ip4:76.223.190.0/24 -all"I

Windows

C:\>nslookup -type=TXT amazonses.com | find "v=spf1"
Non-authoritative answer:
        "v=spf1 ip4:199.255.192.0/22 ip4:199.127.232.0/22 ip4:54.240.0.0/18 ip4:69.169.224.0/20 ip4:76.223.180.0/23 ip4:76.223.188.0/24 ip4:76.223.189.0/24 ip4:76.223.190.0/24 -all"

These addresses use a compact CIDR notation to denote ranges of networks containing ranges of network IPv4 addresses.

CIRD processing to sendmail access file

(this is linux sendmail only)

Converting the nslookup outout to a CIDR based sendmail /etc/mail/access excerpt goes via a pipe sequence of multiple sed commands:

# nslookup -type=TXT amazonses.com | grep "v=spf1" | sed 's/\(^.*"v=spf1 ip4:\| -all"$\)//g' | sed 's/\ ip4:/\n/g' | xargs -I {} sh -c "prips {} | sed 's/$/\tRELAY/g'"
199.255.192.0   RELAY
199.255.192.1   RELAY
...
76.223.190.254  RELAY
76.223.190.255  RELAY

What happens here is this:

  1. Filter out only spf1 records using grep.
  2. Remove the head (.*v=spf1 ip4:) and tail ( -all") of the output, see [WayBack] use of alternation “|” in sed’s regex – Super User.
  3. Replaces all ip4: with newlines (so the output get split over multiple lines), see [WayBack] linux – splitting single line into multiple line in numbering format using awk – Stack Overflow.
  4. Convert the CIDR notation to individual IP addresses (as sendmail cannot handle CIDR),
    1. This uses a combination of xargs with the  sh trick to split the CIDR list into separate arguments, and prips (which prints the IP addresses for a CIDR); see:
    2. Alternatively, use
  5. Replaces all end-of-line anchor ($) with a tab followed by RELAY, see

You can append the output of this command to /etc/mail/access, then re-generate /etc/mail/access.db and restart sendmail; see for instance [WayBack] sendmail access.db by example | LinuxWebLog.com.

Without the xargs, the output would look like this:

# nslookup -type=TXT amazonses.com | grep "v=spf1" | sed 's/\(^.*"v=spf1 ip4:\| -all"$\)//g' | sed 's/\ ip4:/\n/g'
199.255.192.0/22
199.127.232.0/22
54.240.0.0/18
69.169.224.0/20
76.223.180.0/23
76.223.188.0/24
76.223.189.0/24
76.223.190.0/24

Via

–jeroen

Posted in *nix, *nix-tools, Amazon SES, Amazon.com/.de/.fr/.uk/..., Cloud, Communications Development, Development, Infrastructure, Internet protocol suite, Power User, sendmail, SMTP, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

Getting to the Amazon.de chat

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/07/26

  1. Visit https://smile.amazon.de/gp/help/customer/contact-us/ref=hp_abgt_cu_cu?nodeId=508510
  2. Click “Prime und Sonstiges”
  3. In the “Bitte wählen Sie ein Thema” selector, choose “Andere, nicht auf eine Bestellung bezogene Frage”
  4. In the “Bitte grenzen Sie Ihr Anliegen ein” selector, choose “Sonstige Fragen”
  5. Now a “Chat” button appears:

–jeroen

Posted in Amazon.com/.de/.fr/.uk/..., Cloud, Infrastructure, Power User | Leave a Comment »

GitHub – Nike-Inc/gimme-aws-creds: A CLI that utilizes Okta IdP via SAML to acquire temporary AWS credentials

Posted by jpluimers on 2020/01/27

Since I will likely need something like this one day: [WayBackGitHub – Nike-Inc/gimme-aws-creds: A CLI that utilizes Okta IdP via SAML to acquire temporary AWS credentials

I think I got this via Kristian Köhntopp a while ago.

–jeroen

Posted in Amazon.com/.de/.fr/.uk/..., Cloud, Cloud Development, Infrastructure, Power User, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

The Ridiculous Bandwidth Costs of Amazon, Google and Microsoft Cloud Computing – Arador

Posted by jpluimers on 2018/10/26

In this article I compare the costs of network bandwidth transferred out of Amazon EC2, Google Cloud Platform, Microsoft Azure and Amazon Lightsail.

Bandwidth costs are one of the most ridiculously expensive components of cloud computing, and there are some serious inconsistencies in the industry, especially with Amazon.

[…]

If you move a significant amount of data you should think twice before moving to the cloud, these bandwidth prices are truly ridiculous and there’s no way they can be justified when compared to colocation facilities.

Source: [Archive.isThe Ridiculous Bandwidth Costs of Amazon, Google and Microsoft Cloud Computing – Arador

–jeroen

Posted in Amazon.com/.de/.fr/.uk/..., Cloud, Containers, Infrastructure, Power User | Leave a Comment »

Amazon 2FA Account Recovery HOWTO I had enabled 2FA on my amazon.de account,…

Posted by jpluimers on 2016/11/25

[WayBackAmazon 2FA Account Recovery HOWTO I had enabled 2FA on my amazon.de account,… – Kristian Köhntopp – Google+

Quoted in full as it is too important to forget where I put this:

Amazon 2FA Account Recovery HOWTO

I had enabled 2FA on my amazon.de account, and the device running the only copy of the TOTP seed has been destroyed. I wanted to disable 2FA on my account in order to be able to access the account until a replacement phone was available.

To enable 2FA on an amazon.de account, you have to login to amazon.com using your amazon.de credentials and then go through the 2FA procedure.

Calling the german hotline for help did not work. They did not know about 2FA disablement and were unable to help me. They did know about 2FA in general, have been able to verify and validate my identity and were generally friendly. They have been calling me back repeatedly.

I later remembered how I enabled the 2FA and did try to login to amazon.com, giving my german credentials and ended up on the “Enter 2FA code” screen. There is a link at the bottom, “Did not receive code”.

Clicking that link takes you to a screen where you can choose between Google Authenticator and SMS identification.

I chose SMS auth, did receive a 6 digit code, entered that and was able to auth. I then was able to temporarily disable 2FA and regain control of my US account. This also disabled 2FA for my german account, and I now have my German account back.

–jeroen

 

Posted in Amazon.com/.de/.fr/.uk/..., Cloud, Infrastructure, Power User | Leave a Comment »

 
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