The Wiert Corner – irregular stream of stuff

Jeroen W. Pluimers on .NET, C#, Delphi, databases, and personal interests

  • My badges

  • Twitter Updates

  • My Flickr Stream

  • Pages

  • All categories

  • Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

    Join 2,481 other followers

Archive for July 22nd, 2021

Windows: batch file to logoff all other users (run as Administrator)

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/07/22

Based on zzz but filters current user, and listener session.

:: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/36715033/how-to-logoff-all-users-on-windows-from-command-line-as-a-domain-administrator
:: The findstr bit filters out the current session (starts with ">") and session 65536 (which is the listener)
for /f "skip=2 tokens=2,3 delims= " %%a in ('query session ^| findstr /v /b ">" ^| findstr /v "65536  Listen"') DO (
    echo %%a|findstr /xr "[1-9][0-9]* 0" >nul && (
      logoff %%a 
    )
    echo %%b|findstr /xr "[1-9][0-9]* 0" >nul && (
      logoff %%b 
    )
)
goto :eof

–jeroen

Posted in Batch-Files, Development, Scripting, Software Development, Windows Development | Leave a Comment »

Ken Thompson’s 1980 Unix password got cracked only a while ago: he used much entropy in his password

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/07/22

A few years back, Ken Thompson’s 1980 Unix password got cracked.

It took that long because his password p/q2-q4! had enough entropy by using uncommon characters so the crypt(3) based hash ZghOT0eRm4U9s was hard to crack.

The password was an opening chess move noted in the variety of the descriptive notation. A shorter notation would have been P-Q4, which would require months to crack in that era.

In modern chess notation, it would be 1. d4, moving the Queen’s Pawn from d2 to d4.

References (many interesting messages in the TUHS thread below):

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in *nix, B, C, Development, Power User, Security, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

console – When is System.IsConsole true in Delphi? – Stack Overflow

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/07/22

Some highlights from [WayBack] console – When is System.IsConsole true in Delphi? – Stack Overflow:

  • Project/Options/Linking/Generate console application and {$APPTYPE CONSOLE} are two separate things. – [WayBack] Andreas Rejbrand.
  • The -cc commandline parameter for dcc32.exe (which could be in your ProjectX.cfg file!) is equivalent to “Generate console application):

    Found it: the executable has been created using dcc32.exe and the dpr / cfg file, the cfg contains a line

    -cc

    which creates a console application. – [WayBack] mjn

  • Note that in Delphi XE2, OSX applications can not use this variable as it is always true. See QC Entry 98956 and Why Does My OSX FireMonkey App Think It Is a Console App ? – [WayBack] mjn

A few notes I have found out myself

The linker option Project/Options/Linking/Generate console application” is the same as “DCC_ConsoleTarget” in the .dproj file:

    <PropertyGroup Condition="'$(Base_Win32)'!=''">
        <DCC_ConsoleTarget>true</DCC_ConsoleTarget>
    </PropertyGroup>

Even setting IsConsole to True does not allocate a new console, so the STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE handle does not work!

The below method in the System unit, then does not show output:

procedure WriteErrorMessage;
{$IFDEF MSWINDOWS}
var
  Dummy: Cardinal;
begin
  if IsConsole then
  begin
    with TTextRec(Output) do
    begin
      if (Mode = fmOutput) and (BufPos > 0) then
        TTextIOFunc(InOutFunc)(TTextRec(Output));  // flush out text buffer
    end;
    // Leave #0 off end of runErrMsg
    WriteFile(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), @runErrMsg, Sizeof(runErrMsg) - 1, Dummy, nil);
    WriteFile(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), @sLineBreak[1], 2, Dummy, nil);
  end
  else if not NoErrMsg then
    MessageBoxA(0, runErrMsg, errCaption, 0);
end;

For console output, you have to enable the linker option DCC_ConsoleTarget allocates a console (if not yet allocated), enables the “STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE” handle, and sets IsConsole to True.

–jeroen

Posted in Conference Topics, Conferences, Delphi, Development, Event, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

 
%d bloggers like this: