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Jeroen W. Pluimers on .NET, C#, Delphi, databases, and personal interests

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Archive for January 18th, 2022

Get Formatted Value of Cell in Excel – Stack Overflow

Posted by jpluimers on 2022/01/18

It’s odd, but facing a potentially lot shorter life expectancy, I need to prepare to become more expendable in personal life.

This means that I need to document or/and automate a lot of duties.

In this case, it is administrative work as custodian for my brother that is based on scripts, Excel sheets and manual steps.

In order to lessen these steps, I wanted to get the formatted value of certain Excel WorkSheet cells so I could concatenate them in other places.

It appears that neither the CONCATENATE function (nor the more recently introduced CONCAT function) nor  & concatenation operator just take the unformatted value of the cell and put that in as text.

Note that the TEXTJOIN function is basically a CONCATENATE function with an extra delimiter parameter, so it does not format text.

One format I needed was YYYY-MM-DD, basically the ISO-8601 date format.

The Excel format string for this is yyyy-mm-dd;@, and the corresponding formula to apply it on cell L5 is =TEXT(J5, "yyyy-mm-dd;@")

Based on [Wayback] Get Formatted Value of Cell in Excel – Stack Overflow:

Use the TEXT() function:
TEXT(value, format_text)
So if the value is 23.5 and you pass =TEXT(A1, "$0.00") it will return $23.50
Source: http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/excel-help/text-function-HP010062580.aspx

At a later stage, I will look into the actual format strings.

References:

–jeroen

Posted in Development, Excel, Office, Power User, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

Need to revisit osquery: SQL powered operating system instrumentation, monitoring, and analytics supports more platforms and also aggregates to central log locations

Posted by jpluimers on 2022/01/18

Almost two years ago, GitHub – facebook/osquery: SQL powered operating system instrumentation, monitoring, and analytics published from the automatic blog queue.

It was in the midst of my rectum cancer treatment, so I was glad the blog queue back then was still about 18 months deep.

This meant I looked into osquery in 2018, which I remember because I needed it on MacOS as I did not want to remember the syntax for MacOS specific commands on getting system information. It also coincides with how much my repository fork was behind: [Wayback: jpluimers/osquery commits/Archive: jpluimers/osquery commits].

Fast forward to now, the breath of systems I’m involved with has widened, so I was glad to see that Kristian Köhntopp mentioned it:

So time to try it again (:

The links he mentioned:

  • [Wayback/Archive] Welcome to osquery – osquery

    osquery is an operating system instrumentation framework for Windows, OS X (macOS), Linux, and FreeBSD. The tools make low-level operating system analytics and monitoring both performant and intuitive.

  • [Wayback/Archive] Welcome to osquery – osquery: High Level Features
    The high-performance and low-footprint distributed host monitoring daemon, osqueryd, allows you to schedule queries to be executed across your entire infrastructure. The daemon takes care of aggregating the query results over time and generates logs which indicate state changes in your infrastructure. You can use this to maintain insight into the security, performance, configuration, and state of your entire infrastructure. osqueryd‘s logging can integrate into your internal log aggregation pipeline, regardless of your technology stack, via a robust plugin architecture.
    The interactive query console, osqueryi, gives you a SQL interface to try out new queries and explore your operating system. With the power of a complete SQL language and dozens of useful tables built-in, osqueryi is an invaluable tool when performing incident response, diagnosing a systems operations problem, troubleshooting a performance issue, etc.
  • [Wayback/Archive] osqueryd (daemon) – osquery
  • [Wayback/Archive] osqueryi (shell) – osquery
  • [Wayback/Archive] Aggregating Logs – osquery
  • [Wayback/Archive] AWS Logging – osquery

Main site: [Wayback/Archive] osquery | Easily ask questions about your Linux, Windows, and macOS infrastructure

Repository: [Wayback/Archive] osquery/osquery: SQL powered operating system instrumentation, monitoring, and analytics.

–jeroen

Posted in *nix, *nix-tools, Apple, Development, DevOps, Facebook, Infrastructure, Mac, Mac OS X / OS X / MacOS, Power User, SocialMedia, Software Development, Windows | Leave a Comment »

ESXi: persistent files you can edit to apply settings during boot

Posted by jpluimers on 2022/01/18

Since ESXi boots from RAM, most files in /etc are not persisted after modification.

The files that are persisted, are only persisted once every hour by auto-backup.sh, so better run auto-backup.sh by hand if you want to reboot after changing them.

The auto-backup.sh script is ran every hour at 1 minute past the hour as per below crontab.

Default ESXi crontab in /var/spool/cron/crontabs/root:

#min hour day mon dow command
1    1    *   *   *   /sbin/tmpwatch.py
1    *    *   *   *   /sbin/auto-backup.sh
0    *    *   *   *   /usr/lib/vmware/vmksummary/log-heartbeat.py
*/5  *    *   *   *   /bin/hostd-probe.sh ++group=host/vim/vmvisor/hostd-probe/stats/sh
00   1    *   *   *   localcli storage core device purge

Schedules deciphered via [Wayback] Crontab.guru – The cron schedule expression editor:

  • [Wayback] Every day at 01:01: “This module removes stale temporary files”
    1    1    *   *   *   /sbin/tmpwatch.py
  • [Wayback] Every hour at *:01: saves backup to /bootbank/state.tgz.
    1    *    *   *   *   /sbin/auto-backup.sh
  • [Wayback] Every hour at *:00 logs heartbeat messages to /var/log/vmksummary.log like 2021-02-23T19:00:02Z heartbeat: up 577d2h37m16s, 9 VMs; [[2802426 vmx 4194304kB] [6176344 vmx 4194304kB] [68997 vmx 8388608kB]] [[2802426 vmx 0%max] [6176344 vmx 0%max] [68997 vmx 0%max]]
    0    *    *   *   *   /usr/lib/vmware/vmksummary/log-heartbeat.py
  • [Wayback] Every 5th minute logs to /var/log/hostd-probe.log.
    */5  *    *   *   *   /bin/hostd-probe.sh ++group=host/vim/vmvisor/hostd-probe/stats/sh
  • [Wayback] Every day at 01:00: Removes storage devices which have not been seen in some time interval.
    00   1    *   *   *   localcli storage core device purge

Note that localcli commands are the same as esxcli; for esxcli, a running hostd is required; localcli can run without hostd. See:

–jeroen

Posted in *nix, *nix-tools, ash/dash, ash/dash development, Development, ESXi6, ESXi6.5, ESXi6.7, ESXi7, Power User, Scripting, Software Development, Virtualization, VMware | Leave a Comment »

 
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