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Jeroen W. Pluimers on .NET, C#, Delphi, databases, and personal interests

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Archive for the ‘Scripting’ Category

how to filter name/value pairs under a registry key by name and value in PowerShell?

Posted by jpluimers on 2019/09/03

A very concise way for [WayBackhow to filter name/value pairs under a registry key by name and value in PowerShell?:

$path = 'hkcu:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Extensions'
(Get-ItemProperty $path).PSObject.Properties |
  Where-Object { $_.Name -match '^xls' ` -or $_.Value -match 'msaccess.exe$' } |
  Select-Object Name, Value

Thanks montonero for getting me on that path and pointing me to the hidden PSObject property which by itself has Properties, and making me find these links with background information:

More in-depth information:

  • [WayBack] Get-Member (Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility)
    • The Get-Member cmdlet gets the members, the properties and methods, of objects. To specify the object, use the InputObject parameter or pipe an object to Get-Member. To get information about static members, the members of the class, not of the instance, use the Static parameter. To get only certain types of members, such as NoteProperties, use the MemberType parameter.
    • -Force

      Adds the intrinsic members (PSBase, PSAdapted, PSObject, PSTypeNames) and the compiler-generated get_ and set_ methods to the display. By default, Get-Member gets these properties in all views other than Base and Adapted, but it does not display them.

      The following list describes the properties that are added when you use the Force parameter:

      • PSBase: The original properties of the .NET Framework object without extension or adaptation. These are the properties defined for the object class and listed in MSDN.
      • PSAdapted. The properties and methods defined in the Windows PowerShell extended type system.
      • PSExtended. The properties and methods that were added in the Types.ps1xml files or by using the Add-Member cmdlet.
      • PSObject. The adapter that converts the base object to a Windows PowerShell PSObject object.
      • PSTypeNames. A list of object types that describe the object, in order of specificity. When formatting the object, Windows PowerShell searches for the types in the Format.ps1xml files in the Windows PowerShell installation directory ($pshome). It uses the formatting definition for the first type that it finds.
  • [WayBack] PSObject Class (System.Management.Automation)
    • Wraps an object providing alternate views of the available members and ways to extend them. Members can be methods, properties, parameterized properties, etc.
  • [WayBack] PSObject.Properties Property (System.Management.Automation)
    • Gets the Property collection, or the members that are actually properties.
      Is of type PSMemberInfoCollection<PSPropertyInfo>
  • [WayBack] PSMemberInfoCollection<T> Class
    • Serves as the collection of members in an PSObject or MemberSet
  • [WayBack] PSPropertyInfo Class (System.Management.Automation)
    • Serves as a base class for all members that behave like properties.
  • [WayBack] Difference between PSObject, Hashtable and PSCustomObject
  • [WayBack] Combining Objects Efficiently – Use a Hash Table to Index a Collection of Objects
    • With objects objects everywhere it may not seem apparent, but hash tables are still needed.  When the PowerShell mind sets to work it can be very easy to use where and selects everywhere to get you…
  • [Archive.isCustom objects default display in PowerShell 3.0
  • [WayBack] Using PSObject to store data in PowerShell | 9to5IT
    • PowerShell’s PSObject is a powerful tool which is used to store, retrieve, sort and export data. Here is how to use PSObject to store data in PowerShell.

–jeroen

Posted in CommandLine, Development, PowerShell, PowerShell, Scripting, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

Python: variables in the class scope are class, not instance

Posted by jpluimers on 2019/09/03

A very subtle thing that keeps biting me as my background is from languages where by default, identifiers on the class scope are instance level, not class level:

In Python, variables on class level are class variables.

If you need instance variables, initialise them in your constructor with a self.variable = value.

The example in the Python 3 docs [WayBackClasses – A First Look at Classes – Class and Instance Variables is the same as in the Python 2 docs [WayBackClasses – A First Look at Classes – Class and Instance Variables:

Generally speaking, instance variables are for data unique to each instance and class variables are for attributes and methods shared by all instances of the class:

class Dog:

    kind = 'canine'         # class variable shared by all instances

    def __init__(self, name):
        self.name = name    # instance variable unique to each instance

>>> d = Dog('Fido')
>>> e = Dog('Buddy')
>>> d.kind                  # shared by all dogs
'canine'
>>> e.kind                  # shared by all dogs
'canine'
>>> d.name                  # unique to d
'Fido'
>>> e.name                  # unique to e
'Buddy'

For people new at Python: the __init__ is a constructor; see these links for more explanation:

Of course, the __init__() method may have arguments for greater flexibility. In that case, arguments given to the class instantiation operator are passed on to __init__(). For example,

>>> class Complex:
...     def __init__(self, realpart, imagpart):
...         self.r = realpart
...         self.i = imagpart
...
>>> x = Complex(3.0, -4.5)
>>> x.r, x.i
(3.0, -4.5)

–jeroen

Posted in Development, Python, Scripting, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

Exploring Line Lengths in Python Packages

Posted by jpluimers on 2019/09/02

[Archive.is] Exploring Line Lengths in Python Packages is an interesting read.

It explores the relation between actual and “maximum” line lengths in Python in related to the prior 140 Twitter character limit.

via [Archive.is] Exploring Line Lengths in Python Packages – ThisIsWhyICode – Google+

–jeroen

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Development, Python, Scripting, Software Development, Static Code Analysis | Leave a Comment »

Passing multiple parameters to a Python method: the * tag

Posted by jpluimers on 2019/08/28

I had to pass parameters to a method so they became a list:

    threadManager.append(
        UrlMonitorThread(monitor, "http://%s" % targetHost),
        SmtpMonitorThread(monitor, targetHost, 25),
        SmtpMonitorThread(monitor, targetHost, 587),
        SshMonitorThread(monitor, targetHost, 22))

This appeared much easier than I anticipated:

    def append(self, *threads):
        for thread in threads:
            self.threads.append(thread)

It uses the * tag which is explained here:

–jeroen

Posted in Development, Python, Scripting, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

How to Update All Your Ruby Gems At Once | Life, the Universe, and Everything

Posted by jpluimers on 2019/08/26

This looks smart

gem update `gem list | cut -d ' ' -f 1`

From: [WayBack] How to Update All Your Ruby Gems At Once | Life, the Universe, and Everything

Though on the bash prompt, it works fine on Mac OS X / OS X / macOS / …, it does not work nice as an alias.

You can get it to work with difficult escaping (or nesting).

But it is easier to escape this:

gem update $(gem list | cut -d ' ' -f 1)

Escaped, it comes down to:

alias "gem-update-all=gem update \$(gem list | cut -d ' ' -f 1)"

Based on:

–jeroen

Posted in Apple, bash, bash, Development, Mac OS X / OS X / MacOS, Power User, Scripting, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

 
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