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Archive for the ‘Boot’ Category

Welcome to – tips around open source and Linux stuff

Posted by jpluimers on 2017/09/12

At the time of discovering Welcome to via More ISP Mail saveback – Joe C. Hecht – Google+:

ISPmail tutorials

The famous ISP-style mail server tutorials live here. Learn how to set up your own fully-functional mail server using Postfix, Dovecot IMAP/POP3 and MySQL backend on a Debian server just like your favorite mail or website hosting provider.

I have been maintaining the ISPmail tutorial since Debian Woody. However those older Debian versions are no longer supported. If you still like to read the old versions I have provided PDF versions of the tutorials for Squeeze, Lenny, Etch, Sarge andWoody.

Thoughts blog

My projects

I am a system administrator and programmer. In my nerdy spare time I work on web applications, Python and Ruby programs, write articles or explore new software technologies. On you can find news, solutions and hints on my findings and get help. Of course your feedback is welcome.
These are some projects I am currently working on:

IRC – Internet relay chat

  • IRC is a great medium for getting instant help (at least on the freenode IRC network). I have collected some tips about Getting help on IRC to help you get help instead of getting barbecued.
  • knoba’s factoids
    I run a bot called knoba (short for knowledge base) on the freenode IRC network. Two channels I visit frequently are #postfix and #squid. So I have fed the bot with lots of factoids that you can query using !foobar in the channel. These are the factoids understood in #squid and #postfix. Please don’t play with the bot publicly. Send it a “/msg knoba help" and learn how it works.

Linux tips

Regarding the Squid web proxy

Padrino web framework

Zabbix monitoring

Zabbix is a mighty open-source monitoring software. If you need a serious system for your organisation and manage to condone its creepy web interface it is hands down the the most superior software I have ever seen. And I have been dealing with monitoring software since Nagios was called Netsaint.

These articles should help you in your daily work maintaining a monitoring system:



Posted in *nix, BIOS, Boot, Development, Linux, Open Source, Power User, Software Development | Leave a Comment »

Make A Bootable Windows 10 USB Install Stick On Linux With WinUSB Fork ~ Web Upd8: Ubuntu / Linux blog

Posted by jpluimers on 2016/07/29

One day I’m going to need this: Make A Bootable Windows 10 USB Install Stick On Linux With WinUSB Fork ~ Web Upd8: Ubuntu / Linux blog

So I’m glad WinUSB (which hadn’t been maintained for a long time) got forked on github by slaka.

Since my day-to-day unix-like system is OS X, I’d love a good working solution there too which means I probably need to investigate a bit along these lines:


via: Make A Bootable Windows 10 USB Install Stick On Linux With WinUSB Fork WebUpd8 – Google+  / DoorToDoorGeek “Stephen McLaughlin” – Google+



Posted in *nix, Apple, BIOS, Boot, BSD, Linux, OS X, OS X El Capitan, OS X Maverick, OSX Yosemite, Power User, Ubunto, UEFI, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 9, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Vista, Windows XP | Leave a Comment »

ThinkPad X201: fixing the “black screen” (without mouse pointer) after upgrading to Windows 10

Posted by jpluimers on 2016/06/10

After this Windows 10 boot screen the display goes blank without a mouse cursor.

After this Windows 10 boot screen the display goes blank without a mouse cursor.

So you upgraded your X201 from Windows 7 to Windows 10 even though it’s not in the listed on the Lenovo supported models page.

Now it gets through the boot screen, flashes the CapsLock/NumLock LEDS, blanks the screen (no mouse cursor) and continues booting without any visual feedback apart from the HDD LED flashing until it is finished booting

Since Windows 10 by default does not enable the F8 option any more, you need some more severe measures.

BIOS update

The first was to get the BIOS up to date. At the time of writing that was 1.40-1.15 from BIOS Update Bootable CD for Windows 8 (32-bit, 64-bit), 7 (32-bit, 64-bit), Vista (32-bit, 64-bit), XP – ThinkPad – Lenovo Support (US):

Then I had to burn the ISO. Which was a bit picky because most of my infrastructure is VM based and none of the physical machines had a DVD or CD-drive any more. Luckily I found a LiteOn SLW 831SX which Windows detects as Slimtype DVDRW SLW-831S USB Device. ImgBurn worked with that (in Administrative mode that is).

Upgrading the BIOS went fine, but the symptoms stayed.

Removing/re-inserting battery

Removing the battery for a while, then reinserting was suggested at one of the sites.  It didn’t help.

Force into Repair Mode

Then I read this:

If the system can’t load the necessary configuration more than two times, the system will  direct the display to Windows RE(Recovery environment).

Source: Windows 10 – How to enter Safe Mode if I can’t boot the system successfully?

They also have: Windows 10 – If I can’t enter the system, how can I restore the Windows 10 laptop or PC to default settings?

This very easy to do:

Prepairing Automatic Repair

Prepairing Automatic Repair

  1. Keep the power button down to power off the machine
  2. Power up the machine
  3. Wait for the boot screen to appear, then
    1. Keep the power button down to power off the machine
  4. Power up the machine
  5. Wait for the boot screen to appear, then
    1. Keep the power button down to power off the machine
  6. Wait for the “Prepairing Automatic Repair” to finish
  7. Wait for the “Diagnosing your PC” to finish
  8. Wait for the “Automatic Repair” to appear, then
    1. Wiggle with the mouse to get a mouse cursor
  9. Press the “Advanced Options” button
  10. Choose “Troubleshoot”
  11. Choose “Advanced Options”
  12. Choose “Startup Settings”
  13. Choose “Restart”
  14. Wait for the reboot and “Startup Settings” to appear (note: no mouse cursor)
  15. Hit F5 for “Enable Safe Mode with Networking”
  16. Wait for it to reboot twice.

This didn’t work as well as I hoped as now I was at the failure point as well.

But now at least I had a starting point to trip Windows into booting any way I wanted. I now only had to find which function key would get me into a state where I could see what was going on.

And the good things: The “Diagnosing your PC” only required one ‘manual power down” to appear.

  • F9 – Disable automatic restart after failure
  • F8 – Disable early launch anti-malware protection
  • F7 – Disable driver signature enforcement
  • F6 – Enable Safe Mode with Command Prompt
  • F5 – Enable Safe Mode with Networking
  • F4 – Enable Safe Mode
  • F3 – Enable low-resolution video
  • F2 – Enable boot logging
  • F1 – Enable debugging

F3 finally got me to the VIDEO_DRIVER_INIT_FAILURE (BSOD STOP 0x000000B4) which indicated the machine was so hosed that I had to to a clean install.


Automatic Repair - wiggle with the mouse and you have a cursor too!

Automatic Repair – wiggle with the mouse and you have a cursor too!


Images via:

Posted in BIOS, Boot, Power User, ThinkPad, UEFI, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 7, X201 | Leave a Comment »

Rufus Portable | – Portable software for USB, portable and cloud drives

Posted by jpluimers on 2016/05/09


Rufus is a small utility that helps format and create bootable USB flash drives, such as USB keys/pendrives, memory sticks, etc. It can be be especially useful for cases where: you need to create USB installation media from bootable ISOs (Windows, Linux, etc.); you need to work on a system that doesn’t have an OS installed; you need to flash a BIOS or other firmware from DOS; you want to run a low-level utility. Rufus is significantly faster than similar utilities and it’s open source and free.


via: Rufus Portable | – Portable software for USB, portable and cloud drives.

Posted in Boot, Power User | Leave a Comment »

P2V of an existing XP machine to Hyper-V to have an emergency fallback when retiring old XP physical machines

Posted by jpluimers on 2015/04/27


  1. Put the SATA disk of the XP machine in a different one.
  2. Disk2Vhd on the new machine to create a VHDX of the XP hard disk.
  3. Install Hyper-V on the target Windows 8.1 machine (you need at least Pro for that).
  4. Setup the base VM directory.
  5. Setup a virtual network switch (decide if you want it to be internal, external or private, then bind it to a network adapter if needed).
  6. Add a new VM.
  7. Assign a new directory to it.
  8. Assign memory to it.
  9. Assign the virtual network switch to it.
  10. Save it.
  11. Edit the settings, then bind the DVD drive on the IDE controller 1 to C:\Windows\System32\vmguest.iso.
  12. Connect to the VM.
  13. Start it.
  14. If you get a stop 0x0000007B (usually because of SATA/AHCI issues), then read Jon’s Project Blog » disk2vhd using UBCD for Windows to solve the issue as there is no BIOS screen in Hyper-V that allows you to switch from AHCI to SATA and back.
  15. Note: you cannot perform UBCD4Win when you access the Hyper-V host through Microsoft Remote Desktop (the mouse will not work at all, and most keyboard shortcuts will not work either; Virtual Machine Connection Key Combinations with Hyper-V – Ben Armstrong – Site Home – MSDN Blogs does not apply).
  16. Boot.
  17. Register Windows (you might need to do extra work to go from OEM to Retail here).
  18. Remove hidden devices that are not used any more and their drivers.
  19. Setup a backup schedule.

Some links that helped me get at these steps:


Posted in BIOS, Boot, Hyper-V, Power User, Virtualization, Windows, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows XP | Leave a Comment »

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