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Archive for the ‘Windows XP’ Category

The Most Common VPN Error Codes Explained

Posted by jpluimers on 2017/06/26

Source: The Most Common VPN Error Codes Explained

  1. VPN Error 800 “Unable to establish connection”
  2. VPN Error 619 “A connection to the remote computer could not be established”
  3. VPN Error 51 “Unable to communicate with the VPN subsystem”
  4. VPN Error 412 “The remote peer is no longer responding”
  5. VPN Error 721 “The remote computer did not respond”
  6. VPN Error 720 “No PPP control protocols configured”
  7. VPN Error 691 “Access denied because username and/or password is invalid on the domain”
  8. VPN Errors 812, 732 and 734 “The connection was prevented because of a policy configured on your RAS/VPN server”
  9. VPN Error 806 “A connection between your computer and the VPN server has been established but the VPN connection cannot be completed.”

–jeroen

via: Could be useful. – Joe C. Hecht – Google+

Posted in Power User, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Vista, Windows XP | Leave a Comment »

17 years ago, C:\nul\nul crashed/BSOD Windows; now $MFT does for Windows < 10

Posted by jpluimers on 2017/05/26

Source:

History repeating itself: [Archive.is31607 – C:\nul\nul crashes/BSOD then, now it’s this:

Via:

All versions prior to Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 seem vulnerable.

So add $MFT to this list:

The following device names have been known to render a system unstable: CON,
NUL, AUX, PRN, CLOCK$, COMx, LPT1, and CONFIG$.

Oh BTW: history repeated itself this year too. With NUL

In short, Steven Sheldon created a rust package named nul which broke the complete package manager on Windows:

BTW: one of my gripes on learning new languages is that they come with a whole new idiom of their ecosystem: rust, cargo, crates, all sound like being a truck mechanic to me.

–jeroen

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Posted in Microsoft Surface on Windows 7, NTFS, Power User, Security, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 9, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Defender, Windows ME, Windows NT, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2016, Windows Vista, Windows XP | Leave a Comment »

WannaCry — Decrypting files with WanaKiwi + Demos – Comae Technologies

Posted by jpluimers on 2017/05/19

[Archive.is] Working Windows XP & 7 demos. #FRENCHMAFIA: WannaCry — Decrypting files with WanaKiwi + Demos – Comae Technologies:

TL;DR;

DO NOT REBOOT your infected machines and TRY wanakiwi ASAP*!

*ASAP because prime numbers may be over written in memory after a while.

Via:[WayBack] A French researcher says he’s found a tool that could help some fraction of victims running that older Windows version. Just don’t reboot!  WannaCry Ransomware Victims Might Have Some Hope–If They’re on Windows XP | WIRED

–jeroen

Posted in Power User, Windows, Windows 7, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Vista, Windows XP | Leave a Comment »

Two Quick Methods for Finding Shared Folders in Windows

Posted by jpluimers on 2017/05/01

In addition to the two methods mentioned at Two Quick Methods for Finding Shared Folders in Windows (use net share or compmgmt.msc) I like this one:

fsmgmt.msc

It directly gets you to the “Shared Folders” inside compmgmt.msc

–jeroen

Posted in Power User, Windows, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Vista, Windows XP | Leave a Comment »

Some notes on my Windows 10 upgrade processes

Posted by jpluimers on 2016/12/26

Shortly before the “Free Windows 10 Update” deadline I upgraded a bunch of physical and virtual machines each with different configurations providing various challenges.

Back then, I didn’t have time to properly write down notes so I saved a bunch of links. Now I found time to add a few notes below.

Windows Editions

Note there are fewer Windows 10 editions (Home/Pro/Enterprise) are different than before so there is a mapping (for instance Windows Ultimate does not map to Windows Enterprise): Windows 10 free upgrade matrix.

Getting the Windows 10 ISO image

It’s much easier, faster and disk-space friendly to install from ISO than waiting for GWX.exe or GWXUI.exe, especially when installing multiple systems in a row.

I don’t use x86 systems any more so I used Win10_1511_2_English_x64.iso which is slightly newer than Win10_1511_1_English_x64.iso and is likely to be outdated by now so get yours through https://www.microsoft.com/software-download/windows10.

If you insist, there is Win10_1511_2_English_x32.iso (note the x64 -> x32 consistency, many people refer to it as x86 though).

Mounting ISO images

Windows 10 does not like to upgrade when you have the Daemon Tools ISO mounting tool installed. But Portable WinCDEmu is fine.

The Windows 10 installer doesn’t suffer from Portable WinCDEmu not mounting after reboot: during the first install step it copies enough to continue without the ISO image mounted after reboot.

Installing using (Virtual) CD drive

Just run the SETUP.EXE in the root of the CD drive.

Creating bootable media

Some systems do not have optical media any more so you need to create bootable media.

In the past, you used ImageX for that (e.g. Step-by-Step: Basic Windows 7 Deployment for IT Professionals), but as of Windows 8/Server 2008 R2 there is DISM: Apply Images Using DISM.

I used this command-line to copy from H: (the content of the ISO image) to V: (the VHD drive):

dism /apply-image /imagefile:H:\Sources\install.wim /index:1 /ApplyDir:V:\

More information at DISM Image Management Command-Line Options and DISM.exe Replaces ImageX.exe – My Thoughts On IT… (you can even use it to backup/restore file-based Windows images).

Multi-boot / boot configuration data

In the past (think Windows XP and earlier), you had BOOT.INI to choose which one to boot. Now there are msconfig and Boot Configuration Data editors like bcdedit and bcdboot for that:

Installing on VHD

You cannot update Windows 10 on a “Boot to VHD” based system: it’s one of the limitations in What is not supported for native boot when using VHDs:

  • Upgrading the operating system booted from a VHD. If you boot from a VHD, you cannot upgrade the Windows version in the VHD to a newer version.

There is a cumbersome workaround using Hyper-V which I didn’t use (look for “How do I install the November Update if Windows 10 is running on a VHD using native boot?” in Hands-on with Windows 10: Upgrading, installing and activating in the real world | ZDNet).

These are the steps I used to get it on a VHD (based on the How to install Windows 10 to VHD and create a dual boot system with Win 7/8 video below):

  1. Download the ISO
  2. Mount the ISO
  3. Create a VHD using Disk Management (diskmgmt.msc)
    1. Ensure 20 gigabytes or larger (I used a pre-allocated disk)
    2. Name it appropriately (note the name)
    3. Initialise it using MBR
    4. Create a new “Simple Volume” formatted as NTFS
    5. Mount it (I used V: drive)
  4. Start a command prompt (cmd.exe) as Administrator and confirm the UAC prompt
    1. Image the ISO to the VHD using DISM (see command-line above)
    2. Add the VHD (drive V:) to the boot list: bcdboot V:\Windows
  5. Using MSCONFIG ensure the Windows 10 VHD boots as default (it will reboot at least once during installation)
  6. Complete the Windows 10 Installation
    1. Enter the key used for the original Windows system or a new Windows 10 ke
  7. Optionally Using MSCONFIG ensure the original Windows 10 VHD boots as default (it will reboot at least once during installation)

You can use an existing VHD for DISM in which case you might need to Resize/extend virtual hard disk to get more space under Windows 7/8/10.

 

Key validation issues

If you get an error 0x80041023 during key validation at install time, then retry it later. Often the validation then just works. If it doesn’t, try to Activate Your Windows 10 License via Microsoft Chat Support or phone based activation:

  1. Press Windows key + X then clickRun, then type: slui.exe 4
  2. Next press the ‘ENTER’ key
  3. Select your ‘Country’ from the list.
  4. Choose the ‘Phone Activation’ option.
  5. Stay on the phone (do not select/press any options) and wait for a person to help you with activation.
  6. Explain your problem clearly to the support person.

–jeroen

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Posted in Power User, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows XP | Leave a Comment »

 
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