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windows – What is the proper way to test if a parameter is empty in a batch file? – Stack Overflow

Posted by jpluimers on 2021/07/14

You can use:

IF "%~1" == "" GOTO MyLabel

to strip the outer set of quotes. In general, this is a more reliable method than using square brackets because it will work even if the variable has spaces in it.

Source: [WayBack] jamesdlin answering on [WayBack] windows – What is the proper way to test if a parameter is empty in a batch file? – Stack Overflow

The tilde (~) strips out double quotes from the command as per

C:\>help for | findstr "~"
    %~I         - expands %I removing any surrounding quotes (")
    %~fI        - expands %I to a fully qualified path name
    %~dI        - expands %I to a drive letter only
    %~pI        - expands %I to a path only
    %~nI        - expands %I to a file name only
    %~xI        - expands %I to a file extension only
    %~sI        - expanded path contains short names only
    %~aI        - expands %I to file attributes of file
    %~tI        - expands %I to date/time of file
    %~zI        - expands %I to size of file
    %~$PATH:I   - searches the directories listed in the PATH
    %~dpI       - expands %I to a drive letter and path only
    %~nxI       - expands %I to a file name and extension only
    %~fsI       - expands %I to a full path name with short names only
    %~dp$PATH:I - searches the directories listed in the PATH
    %~ftzaI     - expands %I to a DIR like output line
values.  The %~ syntax is terminated by a valid FOR variable name.

–jeroen

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