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Jeroen W. Pluimers on .NET, C#, Delphi, databases, and personal interests

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Archive for the ‘History’ Category

When asked about the social and privacy aspects of the internet “but who could have foreseen the negative side of this?”, you can answer: “Paul Baran, the man who invented it, over fifty years ago”.

Posted by jpluimers on 2018/12/07

Since it is so important, I quote both the message and publication list by Paul Baran – Wikipedia from [WayBack] Paul Baran’s entire catalogue of RAND publications available for free download A few days ago I’d discovered Paul Baran’s work at RAND, not only in lay… – Edward Morbius – Google+:

Paul Baran’s entire catalogue of RAND publications available for free download

A few days ago I’d discovered Paul Baran’s work at RAND, not only in laying out the technical case and specification for what became the Internet (Baran is the father of packet-switched networks), but concerning the second-order implications, including social and privicy implications, of the technology. This during the 1960s, so, the next time someone asks you rhetorically “but who could have forseen the negative side of this”, you can answer: “Paul Baran, the man who invented it, over fifty years ago”.

And yes, some engineers are highly cognisant of the societal implications of their work.

I’d been both delighted to find Baran’s work and frustrated that some items were missing, so I wrote RAND asking if they might possibly add the others. I was told “yes”, though no schedule was given so I hoped it might appear in a few months.

It was a few days.

I’m delighted, and hope others will also appreciate these foundational and insightful works.

The writings are available as high-quality PDF scans.

The title listing, below, shows the breadth of Baran’s thinking. His work on second-order and negative effects is also continued by one of the organisations he went on to found, the Institute for the Future, which has weighed in on the fake news / propaganda issue recently. Baran himself died in 2011.

My thanks to RAND.

And a reminder that sometimes you can get what you want by asking nicely.

Titles

  • LSI: The Basic Module for New Communication Networks 1968
  • Binary Coded Gun Barrels to Discourage Illegal Use of Small Arms 1968
  • On the Engineer’s Responsibility in Protecting Privacy 1968
  • A Closed Circuit TV System for the Visually Handicapped 1968
  • Communication Policy Issues for the Coming Computer Utility. 1968
  • On the Future Computer Era: Modification of the American Character and the Role of the Engineer, or, A Little Caution in the Haste to Number 1968
  • Some Changes in Information Technology Affecting Marketing in the Year 2000 1968
  • The Coming Computer Utility — Laissez-Faire, Licensing, or Regulation? 1967
  • Some Caveats on the Contribution of Technology to Law Enforcement 1967
  • Remarks on the Question of Privacy Raised by the Automation of Mental Health Records 1967
  • Some Remarks on Digital Distributed Communications Networks 1967
  • Urban Node in the Information Network 1967
  • A Briefing on the Distributed Adaptive Message-Block Network 1965
  • Coverage Estimates of FM, TV and Power Facilities Useful in a Broadband Distributed Network 1962
  • On Distributed Communications Networks 1962
  • A Digital Simulation of an Aided Adaptive Character Reading Machine 1960
  • An Aided Adaptive Character Reader for Machine Translation of Languages 1960
  • On a Distributed Command and Control System Configuration 1960
  • Reliable Digital Communications Systems Using Unreliable Network Repeater Nodes 1960
Defining the Internet (Series of 11 papers)
  • On Distributed Communications: Summary Overview 1964
  • On Distributed Communications: I. Introduction to Distributed Communications Networks 1964
  • On Distributed Communications: II. Digital Simulation of Hot-Potato Routing in a Broadband Distributed Communications Network 1964
  • On Distributed Communications: IV. Priority, Precedence, and Overload 1964
  • On Distributed Communications: V. History, Alternative Approaches, and Comparisons 1964
  • On Distributed Communications: VI. Mini-Cost Microwave 1964
  • On Distributed Communications: VII. Tentative Engineering Specifications and Preliminary Design for a High-Data-Rate Distributed Network
  • Switching Node 1964
  • On Distributed Communications: VIII. The Multiplexing Station 1964
  • On Distributed Communications:: IX. Security, Secrecy, and Tamper-Free Considerations 1964
  • On Distributed Communications: X. Cost Estimate 1964
(The third text in the series is by J.W. Smith:
On Distributed Communications: III. Determination of Path-Lengths in a Distributed Network
https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_memoranda/RM3578.html )https://www.rand.org/pubs/authors/b/baran_paul.html

References:

Via: [WayBack] Paul Baran’s entire catalogue of RAND publications available for free download A few days ago I’d discovered Paul Baran’s work at RAND, not only in lay… – Jürgen Christoffel – Google+

Thoughts on the social implications of the Internet? 50 years ago? I’d hope some people had learned from them …

–jeroen

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Soulshow eenmalig terug op NPO Radio 2 – Nieuwsbericht – NPO Radio 2

Posted by jpluimers on 2018/12/01

“Het lijkt mij zo leuk als de Soulshow nog één keer te horen is. Ouderwets op donderdagavond”

En daar was ie dan: [WayBack] Soulshow eenmalig terug op NPO Radio 2 – Nieuwsbericht – NPO Radio 2.

Als de player niet werkt: hier is de mp3.

Via [WayBack] NPO Radio 2 on Twitter “Donderdag kwam Ferry Maat langs voor één uur lang Soulshow in @Wout2Day. Luister het hele uur hier terug: https://t.co/zo7ujYC1Cm #NPORadio2… https://t.co/lMMU4jww0R”

Wat media aandacht:

en nog meer twitter onder de handtekening..

En natuurlijk 24 uur per dag: [WayBack] Home – Soulshow Radio

Welkom op Soulshow Radio. Ferry Maat’s legendarische radioprogramma met soul-, funk- en discomuziek is 24 uur per dag te beluisteren. Kijk en luister direct op Soulshow.nl

–jeroen

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Posted in Audio, History, Media, Power User | Leave a Comment »

The tragedy of FireWire: Collaborative tech torpedoed by corporations | Ars Technica

Posted by jpluimers on 2018/11/26

Another piece of history: FireWire also known as IEEE-1394 [WayBack].

[WayBackThe tragedy of FireWire: Collaborative tech torpedoed by corporations | Ars Technica

I still have that iPod, cables and IEEE-1394 adapters to communicate with it (:

It didn’t help that by now various types of connections – including FireWire, USB and others –  are also used for DMA hacking. One less connection type, one less risk of entry:

via: [WayBack] Firewire and what could have been.. – Roderick Gadellaa – Google+ and [WayBackFred Dresken (Maverick) – Google+

–jeroen

 

Posted in Development, FireWire, FireWire, Hardware, Hardware Interfacing, History, Power User, USB, USB-C | Leave a Comment »

This two-year-old X.org give-me-root hole is so trivial to exploit, you can fit it in a single tweet • The Register

Posted by jpluimers on 2018/11/02

If you run X.org, then patch now because of [WayBack] This two-year-old X.org give-me-root hole is so trivial to exploit, you can fit it in a single tweet • The Register

Overwrite arbitrary files? Load arbitrary code? As setuid root? Sure, why not!

This one got introduced in 2016, which is a lot more recent than an issue discovered in 2014 that was “ancient”: [WayBack] ‘Critical’ security bugs dating back to 1987 found in X Window • The Register:

27-year-old flaw and others slain in open-source patch batch

Via eXploit X: Give Me Root” – Computerphile

–jeroen

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Posted in History, Power User, Security | Leave a Comment »

Thread by @MaxFagin: “November is here, and that means a massive shift is coming. And by “massive” I am of course referring to the redefinition of the kilogram unit of mass […]”

Posted by jpluimers on 2018/11/02

Good read: Thread by @MaxFagin: “November is here, and that means a massive shift is coming. And by “massive” I am of course referring to the redefinitilogram unit of mass that the world has been building up to for more than 100 years. Let me explain: 1/ I’ve h […]” [WayBack]

via: [WayBack] Das Urkilogrann wird arbeitslos. Es wird durch eine Definition ersetzt, die auf physikalischen Effekten statt auf einem Sample basiert. – Kristian Köhntopp – Google+

–jeroen

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Posted in History, LifeHacker, Power User, science | Leave a Comment »

 
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